The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is the national space agency of India. It was established in 1962 as the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR), becoming ISRO in 1969. It is operated by the Indian Department of Space (DOS).
The two primary Indian launch sites are Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC/SHAR) and Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS). A third site has been proposed at Kulasekharapatnam.
ISRO has extensive remote-sensing assets in Earth orbit, and also operates the satellite navigation systems GAGAN and NAVIC.
ISRO has sent robotic missions to the Moon and Mars.
- 1975: Built India's first satellite (Aryabhata, launched by the Soviet Union).
- 1980: Built and launched a satellite (RS-1) onboard its own rocket (SLV-3), making India the sixth country with independant orbital launch capability.
- 1993: First launch of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV).
- 2008: Chandrayaan-1 robotic probe confirmed water on the Moon.
- 2013: With the Mars Orbiter Mission, India became the first country to put a robotic probe in Mars orbit on the first attempt.
- 2014: Introduced the heavy-lift launch vehicle GSLV Mk III.
- www.isro.gov.in Official home page